FAB-GGR is a four-year, £1.6 million multi-institute consortium project that aims to better define the real world feasibility and consequences of large-scale afforestation and biomass energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) approaches to greenhouse gas removal (GGR). These two greenhouse gas removal approaches have been chosen because they: have a common basis in growing biomass on available land; and play the largest roles of any GGR approaches in future low emission scenarios that keep global mean temperature increase to below 1.5 °C and 2 °C.
The interdisciplinary research team is led by Dr Naomi Vaughan and involves scientists, engineers and social scientists from the University of East Anglia, the University of Manchester, the University of Exeter and the University of Aberdeen with support from project partners at the Met Office. The project is part of the wider Greenhouse Gas Removal Research Programme, which will evaluate the potential and wider implications of a variety of options for large-scale removal of greenhouse gases. The Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) with the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and the Economic and Social Research Council (ERSC) funds the Greenhouse Gas Removal programme.
The project objectives are:
1. To assess the nature and requirements of afforestation and BECCS supply chains that achieve global net greenhouse gas removal levels of 1 GtCO2/yr and 10 GtCO2/yr respectively.
2. To explore the real world feasibility of these 1 GtCO2/yr and 10 GtCO2/yr supply chains, by evaluating their associated wider consequential environmental, technical, economic, policy and societal implications and trade-offs.
To deliver these objectives, the project is structured into six work packages.